Babir Journal   |  e-ISSN: 2687-4881

Volume 2 Issue 5 (November 2020)

Original articles

The Effect of the Harrison and Bramson Model of the Acquisition of Literary Concepts and Relention  of Students in the Fırst Grade Intermediate

Mahabad Abdul Kareem Ahmed

pp. 1 - 21


This research aims at identifying effect of the Harrison and Bramson model of the Acquisition of literary Concepts and retention of students in the first-grade intermediate, the sample amounted (63) student distributed on two sections (A, B) Section A represented experimental group (31) student according to the exemplar of Harrison and Bramson model and (B) represented Control group (32) students who have studied with traditional method. The researcher has qualified between. these two-group based on coefficients (age, intelligence, marks of the first Course), The Scientific Subject has been determined by many literary Subjects in the book (Zaman Waa Dah Bi Kuridy) decided to be studied in basic 7th class. The researcher has formed behavior goals and has prepared teaching plans sufficient for these two groups, she has also prepared a test to acquire literary Concepts, composing of (60) items by which the teacher has taught the two groups. By the end of the experience, tool of research has been applied on students of both groups. After analyzing the results Statistically by using (T-test) for the two independent Samples, the results have indicated the progress of experimental group studying literary Subject according to the of method of (Harison and pramson model) over the control me. 

Keywords: Model, Concepts, Acquisition of literary, retention

The Impact of Leadership Styles on Organizational Commitment and Turnover

Serkan Özdemir

pp. 22 - 30


Nowadays the success of organizations is becoming more and more dependent on leadership and the quality of workforce. Leadership’s effect as a factor on organizational success and workforce loyalty increased its importance. In this study the effects of servant leadership and path-goal leadership on organizational commitment and turnover is being researched. The sample consists of organizations in Çanakkale city. Data collected by unobtrusive measures and question forms is subjected to analysis to measure the impact of leadership styles on organizational commitment and turnover rate. Findings revealed that both servant leadership and path-goal leadership have a positive relationship with organizational commitment. Findings also reveal that path-goal leadership and organizational commitment has a negative effect on turnover.

Keywords: Servant Leadership, Path-Goal Leadership, Organizational Commitment, Turnover Rate

The Change of Movement Parties in India: The Case of Bahujan Samaj Party

Hayati Ünlü

pp. 31 - 46


The aim of this study is to approach the debates on change of movement parties from a different perspective. After 2011, movement party debates began to be studied with great interest in the party politics literature. In this respect, as well as the emergence of the movement parties, institutional changes and their results have been followed with great interest. While movement parties in the Western world have failed to solve problems; the future of non-Western movement party models has been wondered. In this study, Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) in India as a movement party has been examined. Defining itself as the continuation of the Dalit movement, BSP has been able to preserve its movement party character until the 1990s. However, both contextual changes and sociological changes in the country's politics in the 1990s affected the party policies, particularly the social base strategies of many parties such as the BSP. In this direction, the BSP has also changed from a movement party to a more institutional party. In this study, this change of BSP has been analyzed through the change of organizational, ideological and social base strategies. As a result, it will be claimed that the BSP both lost its movement party character and that the horizontal political norms desired by social movements could not be achieved.

Keywords: Movement Parties, Change, India, BSP