Babir Journal   |  e-ISSN: 2687-4881

Volume 2 Issue 3 (July 2020)

Original articles

The External Appearance and Its Operation on The Industrial Product Environment


pp. 1 - 15


This research is tagged ((the external appearance and its work on the industrial product)) aimed at revealing the cognitive concepts represented in (showing the relationship between the external appearance and the context of its work on the industrial product)) by studying the developmental context of contemporary industrial products in order to benefit from it in determining the relationship between The external appearance and the industrial product to study the ways in which the design systems are developed in the light of the impact of the formal and functional system on the industrial product and focus on the specificity of the design in its technical aspects and to achieve the goal of the research the researcher collected the basic axes necessary for the analysis of Esten Investigation Da to the theoretical framework, which included the first two topics section mechanisms to ensure formal variables.

Where theoretical concepts were adopted and organized by the researcher in an analysis form that included a set of the following axes: -

The axis of formal awareness and its relationship to space.

A- Mutuality of appearance and time mechanisms

B- Technology and its reflection on the external appearance.

After agreeing with the specialists concerned with the subject of the research and according to the specified time period to choose a sample of international companies in several countries for the year 2019 CE. Where the researcher concluded from this process the following: -

1) The feature of the outward-looking mechanisms (metaphor, inclusion, intertextuality, variation) is a breach of the formal and functional system, but with the preservation of the main alphabets of the general shape of the industrial product in meeting human needs by the contemporary new technologies of the user.

2) The technical impact is the most effective influence in pushing the design thought by granting industrial designs the widest and open approach to all theoretical and applied sciences, including the external appearance that is directly proportional to contemporary technology, meaning that the more the technology available for the industrial product is included in its industry, the greater the size of the external appearance And the opposite is true, and hence is the way to introduce the user to technological progress through the contemporary industrial product.

Keywords: Industrial Product, The Design Systems, The External Appearance.

The Effect Of Using The (5e`S) On Improving The Levels Of Geometric Thinking In Mathematics Among Students Of Jaber Bin Hayyan Elementary School For Boys

Mohammad Odeh Enad AL-HMMAD

pp. 16 - 25


The study aimed at finding out the effect of using the (5e`s) on improving the levels of geometric thinking among students of Jaber bin Hayyan Elementary School for Boys in the second semester of the academic year 2018/2019, the researcher used the quasi-experimental approach, and the study sample consisted of (60) students from Jaber bin Hayyan School consisting of two groups (control and experimental). The control group consisted of (30) students, and the experimental group consisted of (30) students, the researcher formed a geometric thinking test applied before and after.The test was applied to a survey sample consisting of (20) students from outside the study sample.The reliability of the test was calculated using the method of internal consistency with the Alpha Cronbach equation and it was ((0.85).At the significance level (α = 0.05) between the mean scores of the experimental group that was studied using the 5e`s) in the pre and post application to test geometric  thinking skills and in favor of post-application, and the results of the current study showed that learning mathematics using 5e`s) improves all sub-geometric thinking Levels

Keywords: 5e`S, Geometric Thinking, Level Visual Analytic Level, Ordering Level.

The Effectiveness Of The Iraqi Educational Channel And Its Educational And Educational Role

Hakim Musa Abd AL-HASNAWI

pp. 26 - 36


We are living today in a changing age of rapid change, characterized by knowledge and technological explosion, population expansion, social, economic and political mobility, global openness and international cooperation, and education in this age has become a real force and a means of race and competition.  And that the media in the modern era is one of the most important educational means, as it offers various scientific and cultural materials through the radio and television and various newspapers and magazines, and perhaps it is an interesting educational means to attract students of different ages and stages of study.  The current research aims to identify the effectiveness of the Iraqi educational channel and its educational and educational role.

The research sought to answer the following questions:

- Are the views of the students of the preparatory school in the follow-up of the Iraqi educational channel depending on the gender variable.

- Are the views of middle school students different in the follow-up of the Iraqi educational channel to the variable type of study (literary – scientific)

Current search limits are limited to:

• Time limit: academic year 2016/2017

• The spatial limit: The research was restricted to students in middle school in the holy province of Karbala (literary branch - scientific branch)

Keywords: The Iraqi Educational Channel, Population Expansion, The Media.

International Organizations And The Problematic Of The Headquarters "Host State" Countries In Ensuring Their National Security

Khaled A. Tumi

pp. 37 - 47


This study is based on the presentation of four basic approaches, with the methodology of rooting for the subject of the study, taking into account the analysis of the situation of the National Security considerations for the United States of America or the Swiss Confederation, as a headquarters "host state" counties for the United Nations organization. Therefore, is necessary to give the headquarters countries guarantees to protect their national security, this is as a precautionary measure to prevent any conflicts that may arise between one of the headquarters countries with one of the missions accredited in the organization. Or it may arise with the organization itself, or at least to reduce it; The issue which prompted us to discuss these legal systems for the guarantees granted to the headquarters countries in protecting its national security, Which will be clarified through the following topics which are listed as; The concept of national security, its sources, and the related exception to protect their national security, the headquarters countries's right to take the necessary measures to protect their national security, the members of the permanent mission must respect the headquarters countries's laws and regulations, and the dispatch state waives the immunities of its envoys to achieve justice in the "host state" countries.

Keywords: International Law, International Organizations, United Nations, Legal Systems, National Security, Host State, Guarantees of Protect.

The Orthographic Rules in the Books of Jadid FITRAT: SARF(1927) (Morphology)  and NAHIV (1927) (Syntax)   

Yusuf Avcı

pp. 48 - 66


Fıtrat values all the properties of Turkish language and approves the word ‘Turkish’ as a term in general for Turkish Language. As a person who perfectly awares of the unique competences of Turkish Language, thinks that Turkish language has been underestimated and ill-treated over the centuries. In 1920s, Fıtrat wrote two books called Sarf ( means Morphology in Uzbek Language) and Nahiv (means Syntax in Uzbek Language). By the 1940s, while there was no coursebook written about Turkey Turkish as a mother language education in Turkey, these books of Fıtrat widely benefited as coursebooks till 1938 in mother language education in Uzbekistan.

In Uzbekistan, some archaic elements of Chaghatai have been used till 1923. Depending on this case, the new version of Uzbek Language needed to be formed. This new version had to be idologically based on the orijinal and uncorrupted version of Uzbek language that had been  used especially in the countrysides of Uzbekistan. Differences between usage of these two versions of Uzbek Language can be observed in the written literary works of  the Uzbek authors within the scope of Jadidism. Like Fıtrat, linguists who pioneered the consideration of the issues on the orthographic rules in Uzbek language believed that  not only the people who know well Arabic and Persian but also common people in the society need a pure Uzbek literary language and literature. In fact, a purified Uzbek Language was a neccessity for eveyone in the society since the language had been polluted by the borrowed Arabic and Persian words and structures. Because there was a tendency and demand to use these couple of foreign languages as a requirement for the social and economic situations in the society of that time. In his literary and grammar works, Fıtrat preferred using the words which had been used generally by common people in society. Furthermore, he preferred the pronunced form in Turkish of some of these borrowed words in literary language. He showed maximum effort to make long lasting this approach based on the borrowed words pronunciation in literary language. Meanwhile, he preferred to use the original Turkish terms for the grammar topics instead of the borrowed ones.  The orthographic rules applied In the fifth edition of Sarf and third edition of Nahiv published in Arabic alphabet, are the renewed orthographic system which are differentiated from the Ottoman and Chaghatai Language orthographic system in literary form. This article encompasses the research on this new approach of Fıtrat’s orthographic principles in his literary works Sarf and Nahiv.

This new system of orthography is based on the pronounced forms of the borrowed words in Uzbek literary language rather than writing them with their original spelling. The basic principle that guides these orthographic rules is the vocal harmony in Turkish

Keywords: Jadidism, Fıtrat, Orthographic Rules, Chaghatai Language, Sarf, Nahiv

Theories Towards Explanation of Migration Fact

Ahmet Vedat Savaşgür

pp. 67 - 84


Migration can be defined as the situation that settling down in a different area or land after people leaving their geographical region where they have lived partly or rooted. Migration which has been standing from the beginning of humanity happens because of political, social, economical or religious etc. reasons. Both about quantity and quality, migration fact has changed in the process of history. Migration which has been seperated according to its reasons, tecnique, process and the regions where people choose to migrate is a really complicated fact with its dynamics. Different theories have been brought forward in order to understand the fact of migration within its own complexity. Theories which are developed to understand migration shaped migration studies and they must be explicated. For this reason, to search these theories not only from the perspective of Europa, but also to examine them by the perspective which have effected the world is the aim of this study. This study contains migration theories, the bond between the period when migration happens with its cyclical circumstances and the importance of the bond. In the process of searcing the reasons of migration, a collective approach is a must but different dynamics shouldn‟t be disregarded. In this study, starting from the first hypothesis which had been suggested towards the explanation of migration fact, the whole process has been examined.

Keywords: Migration, Migration Fact, Migration theories, Reasons of Migration

Analysis of Feminist Art in the Context of Sample Artists in the 20th Century

Funda Salt

pp. 85 - 95


18’inci yüzyıldan itibaren toplumsal, sosyal gibi birçok alanda cinsiyet ayrımına ve eşitsizliğe karşı mücadele eden kadınlar, 19’uncu yüzyıla gelindiğinde erkeklerle eşit hak ve özgürlüklere sahip oldukları için bu çabalar sonucu feminist hareketini başlatmışlardır. “Feminizm, temelde cinsiyet ayrımcılığına karşı tavır alan, kamu ve özel bütün alanlarda kadınların maruz kaldığı baskıların ve denetimlerin ortadan kaldırılmasının gerekliliğini savunan ve ataerkil yapılanmaların önüne geçerek kadınların meşru haklarına ulaşmada mücadele eden bir yaklaşımdır.” Feminizmin tarihsel süreci 19’uncu yüzyıldan 21’inci yüzyıla kadarki dönemi kapsamaktadır. Birinci kuşak feminist sanatçılar, kadının biyolojik niteliklerine vurgu yaparken, ikinci kuşak feministler erkek egemen toplumda kadın bedeninin kültürel kodlarını sorgulamışlardır. Bu makalede, Feminist kavramına, Feminist hareketinin ortaya çıkmasına neden olan olay ve olgulara, gelişmelere ve sanatçı örneklerine değinilmiştir.

Keywords: Women, Feminism, Feminism Movements, Gender, İdentity